Spanish and Portuguese Conflict in the Spice Islands: the Loaysa Expedition to the Moluccas 1525-1535 Posted By: Jack Benson Hakluyt Society Publications, Society Volumes Spanish and Portuguese Conflict in the Spice Islands: the Loaysa Expedition to the Moluccas 1525-1535 From Book XX of The General and Natural History of the Indies by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés Edited by Glen Frank Dille Hakluyt Society, Series III Volume 38, 2021 ISBN 978-0-367-70075-1 Volume 38 in the Hakluyt Society Third Series, Spanish and Portuguese Conflict in the Spice Islands: The Loaysa Expedition to the Moluccas 1525-1535, comes from Book XX of The General and Natural History of the Indies by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdésis, (1478–1557). The author was warden of the fortress and port of Santo Domingo of the Island of Hispaniola and also served the Spanish emperor, Charles V, as the official chronicler of the first half-century of the Spanish presence in the New World. His monumental General y Natural Historia de las Indias, consists of three parts, with fifty books, hundreds of chapters and thousands of pages, and is still a major primary source for researchers of the period 1492–1548. Part One of his history, consisting of 19 books, was first published in 1535, then reprinted and augmented in 1547, with a third edition, including Book XX, the first book of Part II, appearing in Valladolid in 1557. Book XX, which was printed separately in Valladolid in 1557 (the year of Oviedo’s death), concerns the first three Spanish voyages to the East Indies. While it might be expected that the narrative of Magellan’s voyage would predominate in Book XX, Oviedo devoted only the first four chapters to this monumental voyage. The remaining 31 concern the two subsequent and little-known Spanish expeditions to the Moluccas during the period 1525-35. The first, initially led by García Jofre de Loaysa, set out from Coruña to follow Magellan’s route through the Strait and across the Pacific. A second relief expedition under Alvaro Saavedra was sent out in search of Loaysa’s company from the Pacific coast of New Spain in 1527. In each venture only one vessel reached the Spice Islands. Oviedo’s narrative offers many details of the 10 years of hardships and conflict with the Portuguese, and of the growing unrest it provoked among their indigenous hosts. The news that Charles V had pawned his claim to the King João III of Portugal allowed a very few of the Spaniards to negotiate a passage back to Spain via Lisbon, while others remained in Portuguese settlements in the East Indies. The reports made by the returnees to the Consejo de Indias were integrated by Oviedo into his narrative, along with information gained from personal interviews of participants in the events described. His narrative includes much information about the native culture, commerce, geography and the exotic fauna and flora of the Spice Islands. Spanish and Portuguese Conflict in the Spice Islands: the Loaysa Expedition to the Moluccas 1525-1535 is highly recommended to readers interested in the history of Spanish and Portuguese exploration of the region of Indonesia and especially the Spice Islands. Readers interested in maritime voyages and exploration during the Age of Sail will find compelling reading here! Published price £120. Distributed free to Hakluyt Society members as part of their two volume allowance for the year 2021. Society members can buy in print and print on demand volumes at a significant discount. Join the Hakluyt Society.